A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Mature Research Guy, Refugee Research Centre, University or college of Oxford
Increasingly, technologies and algorithms are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These range from biometric matching machines that assess iris verification and fingerprints to directories for refugees and refugees to chatbots to help people signup protection situations. These tools are designed to make that easier pertaining to states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially several systems are slowed down because of the COVID-19 pandemic and increasing levels of obligated displacement.
But they raise a host of human privileges concerns. Examples include privacy issues, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or equipment errors which may lead to discriminatory outcomes. They also pose significant challenges to migrant workers and refugees, who are usually already voiceless and somewhat insecure.
Ozkul’s analysis explores many ways in which new technologies can be used to verify details and narratives of migrants, allowing them to increase their asylum application procedure. It also looks at the ways through which these systems can create a specific informational space around migrant workers, and how they configure the subjecthood. Pursuing Foucault, your lover argues that such methods are both comarcal and institutional. For example , iris scanning algorithms can be seen while an institutional technology, because they require the migrant to enter a specific location in order to be accepted; while advice algorithms are industrial and global in their effects, configuring matters as buyers.
As a result, they enact a specific form of hegemonic power over displaced people. This is especially true granted the current competition to the underlying part in asylum policy – with some countries offering offers like the Nansen passport to counseling services for students assist in cachette resettling and others awe-inspiring restrictive plans that block the access to territory and push them back into dangerous and deadly journeys.